First boys club emerges in the U.S.
Emerging Child and Labor Laws in America begin to acknowledge the importance of child safety and education. In the late 19th century, it was common for a small child to have a job, which was often labor intensive with harsh, dangerous conditions and poor wages. Families relied on the extra income, as many American children held jobs to help the family household. In 1860, the Dashaway Club was founded by Elizabeth Hamersley and her two sisters Mary and Alice Goodwin and opened in the Chicago area. It was the first club for local American boys in U.S. history.